- Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
- (1756–1791)Christened Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus, the composer had an excellent musical lineage. His father Leopold (1719–1787) was a violinist, composer, and eventually assistant director of the choir at the court of the prince-bishop of Salzburg. He was also the first teacher of his prodigiously gifted son.At the age of six the younger Mozart, his sister Maria Anna (“Nannerl,” 1751–1829), and their father began a series of concert tours that took them to the major capitals of Europe. W. A. Mozart’s first symphonies date from this time as well. In 1769, he became the concertmaster at the court in Salzburg, a position he continued to hold until 1777. During this period, however, he also paid several visits to Italy, where he won considerable musical acclaim. Mozart’s work was not as well received during trips to Paris and Germany, so he found himself back in Salzburg and at the archbishop’s court, until he finally left it for good in 1781. He settled in Vienna, where he married Constanze Weber (1762–1842), whom he had met in Germany. Composing independently for the next 10 years, he had great success in the imperial capital (The Abduction from the Seraglio, 1782) and deep disappointment as well. The comic opera The Marriage of Figaro (1786) was tepidly received in Vienna, though audiences in Prague were wildly enthusiastic.At first Mozart had tried to work both as a composer and an impresario for his own music; a circle of nobles provided him with auditoriums for his concerts in their residences. He gave private lessons as well. However, the appeal of his music did not last, and from 1788 until his death, Mozart was in constant financial need, in part because of his profligate ways. He was buried in a common grave, which to this day remains unidentified.If Mozart was not the greatest composer in the Western tradition, he is among the very few who have an arguable claim to that distinction. Though his 41 symphonies, especially the last three, and his five major operas are perhaps the high moments of his total oeuvre, he wrote brilliantly in all the musical genres of his day. These included concert arias; works for single instruments, among them 23 piano sonatas and fantasies; 41 sonatas and variations for violin and piano; a vast number of occasional pieces for small ensembles; and an impressive body of church music, particularly 18 masses. Gifted with an unsurpassed instinct for the psychology of musical sound, he could evoke a vast range of emotions, yet write economically. Mozart’s music is a celebration of harmony and balance, in which close relationships are established among normally conflicting styles and feelings. Courtly grace is not far removed from the homely dignity of Austrian folk music; aching melancholy and longing are almost always resolved into joy.
Historical dictionary of Austria. Paula Sutter Fichtner. 2014.
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Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus — Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, der größte deutsche Tondichter, der Genius, der mit Feuerzungen seine Melodien – ausgeprägte Göttergedanken – durch alle Welt getragen, der silberne Schwan des Wohlklangs, der mit ewig jugendlicher Stimme den Schmerz und … Damen Conversations Lexikon
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus — • Biography of the composer (1756 1791) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus — orig. Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart born Jan. 27, 1756, Salzburg, Archbishopric of Salzburg died Dec. 5, 1791, Vienna Austrian composer. Son of the violinist and composer Leopold Mozart (1719–87), he was born the year of the… … Universalium
Mozart,Wolfgang Amadeus — Mo·zart (mōtʹsärt), Wolfgang Amadeus. 1756 1791. Austrian composer, among the greatest and most prolific in history. Mozart s over 600 works include 41 symphonies, 27 piano concertos, 16 operas, 19 piano sonatas, and other orchestral and chamber… … Universalium
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus — ► (1756 91) Compositor austríaco, máximo representante, con Haydn, de la escuela clásica vienesa del s. XVIII. Los años 1770 y 1771 fueron muy fértiles para su producción: compuso más de 200 obras. A partir de 1775 son numerosas las obras… … Enciclopedia Universal
Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus — Моцарт Вольфганг Амадей (1756 1791) великий австрийский композитор, представитель Венской классической школы. Родился в Зальцбурге, в 1762 ребёнком впервые побывал с концертами в Вене. С этими двумя городами связаны вся его жизнь и творчество.… … Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus — (1756–91) Composer. Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria; he was the son of Leopold Mozart, the Archbishop’s court composer. An extraordinary child prodigy, he embarked on extensive tours, playing in all the major courts of Europe. In 1782… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus — (27 January 1756, Salzburg, Austria – 5 December 1791, Vienna) Renowned chiefly for his consummate mastery of every kind of secular music of the late 18th century, Mozart’s contribution to the sacred repertory, while clearly secondary, is… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
MOZART, WOLFGANG AMADEUS CHRYSOSTOM — eminent musical composer, born at Salzburg; was distinguished for his musical genius as a boy, and produced over 600 musical compositions, but his principal works were his operas, the Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, and the Magic Flute ; his … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Wolfgang Amadeus — Mozart « Mozart » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Mozart (homonym … Wikipédia en Français